Metropolis (q.v.) and chief city of Boeotia in central Greece (qq.v.). Its fortifications deterred Alaric's Visigoths (qq.v.) in 396, but greater security was provided by its incorporation into the theme of Hellas (qq.v.) in the late seventh century. Nevertheless, foreign conquest punctuated its later history. The city's flourishing silk (q.v.) industry was a target of Roger II of Sicily (qq.v.), who plundered Thebes (q.v.) in 1147. Leo Sgouros (q.v.) captured it in 1204, and the following year it was taken by Boniface of Montferrat (q.v.), who awarded it to Othon de la Roche (q.v.) and who made it part of the duchy of Athens (q.v.) and Thebes. The Catalan Grand Company (q.v.) captured it in 1311, ruling it until 1378, when the Acciajuoli (q.v.) family acquired it. Thebes fell to the Ottomans (q.v.) around 1456.

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  • Thebes — may refer to one of the following places:* Thebes, Greece, Boeotia Prefecture **Ancient Thebes (Boeotia) ( gm. #x10033; #x10023; gm. te qa , gr. Θῆβαι, Thebae ) * Thebes, Egypt ndash; Thebes of the Hundred Gates; one time capital of the New… …   Wikipedia

  • Thèbes — (auj. Thíva) v. de Grèce, l une des princ. cités de Béotie, détruite par des tremblements de terre (1853, 1893) et reconstruite sur un plan en damier; 18 710 hab. Musée archéologique. Hist. Occupée depuis la fin du IIIe millénaire, Thèbes devint …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thebes — ist der Name folgender Personen: Adam Thebesius (auch: Adam Thebes; 1596–1652), Pfarrer und Kirchenlieddichter Bernhard Thebes OCist (1928–2010), römisch katholischer Ordensgeistlicher; letzter Abt der Zisterzienserabtei Osek in Nordböhmen Ort in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thebes — Thèbes Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Plusieurs villes portent ce nom : Thèbes, une des capitales de l Égypte antique ; Thèbes, principale cité de la Béotie, en Grèce ;… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • THEBES — THEBES, ancient city in Upper egypt . A provincial backwater during the Old Kingdom, the small town of Wase rose to national prominence as the city of the 11th Dynasty kings who founded the Middle Kingdom (c. 2134–1786 B.C.E.). The cult of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Thebes — Thebes, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 478 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 1.799708 sq. miles (4.661222 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.512752 sq. miles (1.328021 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.312460 sq. miles (5.989243 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Thebes, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 478 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 1.799708 sq. miles (4.661222 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.512752 sq. miles (1.328021 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.312460 sq. miles (5.989243 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • THEBES — THEBES, city in E. central Greece. Benjamin of Tudela, the 12th century traveler, found 2,000 Jews in Thebes. They worked in silk dyeing. The city was renowned throughout Greece for these artisans and for its weaving mills. Judah Al Ḥarizi, who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Thebes — • A metropolitan titular see of Achaia Secunda • Titular see of Thebais Secunda, suffragan of Ptolemais, and the seat of a Coptic Catholic diocese Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thebes — 1.) an ancient city in southern Egypt, where there are ancient ↑temples (=religious buildings) and ↑tombs (=places where dead people are buried) 2.) an ancient city in eastern Greece, northwest of Athens, where ↑Oedipus was king according to old… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Thebes — [thēbz] 1. ancient city in S Egypt, on the Nile, on the site of modern Luxor and Karnak 2. chief city of ancient Boeotia, EC Greece Theban [thē′bən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

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